architectural types at Bagan may be classified into four main
It is an early form, has a bulbous dome and is exemplified by
and the Ngakywenadaung.
It has a series of receding terraces, surmounted by a
cylindrical or bell-shaped dome which continues into a finial of
concentric rings. In the developed form of this type, there are
three receding square terraces and an octagonal base providing
the transition to a bell-shaped dome with a band of moulding in
the middle. The
provide early examples of this type, while the
are prominent representatives of the developed form.
It is similar in basic form to Type II, but has a ribbed,
bowl-shaped disc, interposed between the dome and the finial. An
example is the
This is modelled on the medieval Sinhalese dagaba or Pagoda, has
a bell-shaped dome on a circular base, and a box-like relic
chamber interposed between the dome and the finial. The
is an outstanding example of this type.
Other than the above four, the architectural types at Bagan may
be further classified as follows:
based on North Indian model, e.g.
Central Indian type, e.g.
Temple based on
South Indian model, e.g.
Cave temples based
on Indian model, e.g. Kyaukgu Umin,
Ordination hall, e.g.