Bagan: Ancient Capital of Myanmar


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Kyanzittha Umin

Type of monument : Cave Temple
Location : Southwest of Shwezigon
Region : Nyaung U & Wetkyi-In
Built by : King Kyanzittha
Date : 13th Century
Monument Number : 65

Kyanzittha Umin means "the cave of Kyanzittha". This cave is a lowe, unpretentious brick structure with long dark corridors. Located only a short distance west of Nyaung U village is the Kyanzittha Umin. This place is served as a temple for a place of lodging the monks. Although officially credited to Kyanzittha, this cave temple may actually date back to Anawrahta. Built into a cliff face close to the Shwezigon, the long, dimly lit corridors are decorated with frescoes, some of which are thought to have been painted by Bagan's Tartar invaders during the period of the Mongol occupation after 1287. The frescoes are dated back to the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. There are four entrances into the cave. The building is about 29 feet high from the ground to the ceiling. The length of the cave is about 77 feet.

Visitors should carry some flashlights to be able to see the ancient paintings inside the cave.


Kyanzittha Umin Lay

Type of monument : Cave Temple
Location : Near Shwezigon
Region : Nyaung U & Wetkyi-In
Built by : King Kyanzittha
Date : 13th Century
Monument Number : 56

It is a smaller cave temple of the Main Kyanzittha Umin. The hall is connected to a cave which is about 14 feet high inside the hill. The width of the cave as of east-west is 32 feet and north-south is 50 feet. Before there used to be a wooden building in front of the entrance of the cave, but now, it has been destroyed by the weather and earthquake. There are five entrances into the cave. There is an ancient Bagan Image inside the cave.



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