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Bagan: Ancient Capital of Myanmar

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Bagan Stucco

Stucco is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water which is applied wet, and hardens when it dries. Also used in sidings, it is used as a coating for walls and ceilings and for decoration. Stucco may be used to cover less visually appealing construction materials such as concrete blocks, steel, or adobe.

STUCCOS AT GUBYAUKGYI (MYINKABA)
 

The difference in nomenclature between stucco, plaster, and mortar is based more on use than composition. Until the later part of the nineteenth century, it was common to have plaster, which was used inside the building, and stucco, which was used outside the building, consist of the same primary materials lime and sand.

STUCCOS AT NANPAYA TEMPLE
 

Animal or plant fibers were often added for additional tensile strength. In the later part of the nineteenth century, Portland cement was added with increasing frequency in an attempt to improve its durability. At the same time, traditional lime plasters were being replaced by gypsum plaster.

STUCCOS AT HTILOMINLO
 

Traditionally stucco is directly applied to a masonry surface such as brick or stone. In wood-framed buildings, stucco was applied over a wood lath. Modern stucco is usually applied over an expanded metal lath that is fastened to the wall sheathing with staples, with a 2 layer moisture barrier in between.

STUCCOS INSIDE KYAUKGU UMIN
 

 

Stucco is an integral part of the art of belcomposto, the baroque concept that smoothly integrates the three classic arts, architecture, sculpture, and painting.

STUCCOS AT SHIN IZZA GAWNA TEMPLE
 


Since stucco can be used for decorative purposes as well as for figurative representation, it provides an ideal transitive link from architectural details to wall paintings.

Most of the Bagan's ancient monuments are decorated with stucco architectural designs.
 

 

 
   

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