Bagan: Ancient Capital of Myanmar


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Thetkyamuni Temple

Type of monument : Type II Temple (Kundaung Pauk Gu)
Location : East of Chaukphala
Region : Nyaung U & Wetkyi-In
Built by : Narapatesithu
Date : 13th Century
Monument Number : 147

Thetkyamuni temple is situated at Chaukphala, in Nyaung U region. The temple appears to have been built in early 13 century A.D. The complex provided Thetkya and Kondogyi were built at the 12th century on a platform dominating Ayeyarwaddy.

It is a square structure with a porch projected on one side. Above the main square block are three receding terraces on which stands the sikhara and a stupa finial. The flame-like arch pediments over the the doorways, the pilasters and friezes are adorned with stucco carvings. The interior walls are covered with panels, of painting which depict scenes from the life of Asoka, Convenor of the third Buddhist Council and of the introduction of Buddhism to Ceylon.

They are two small temples very harmonious and equipped with pretty paintings of time. Wall paintings represent the former lives of Buddha or Jatakas in particular in the hall on the walls and the vaults. Paintings reflect conventions of the 12th century and represent scenes of the Indian everyday lifestyle.

It is considered that the animal representation of Thetkyamuni is the most important of any temples in Bagan. The animal representations include pigeons, corbels, peacocks, parrots, hares and elephants. In the hall, there are 28 Buddha images are drawn. The cornices are painted geometrical reasons. Between North and the south, the walls are painted of the 550 Jatakas, while in the West one can admire a whole of 16 Buddhas including six in large scenes.











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